THERE ARE MANY CLEAN & RENEWABLE ENERGY CHOICES FOR US TO UTILIZE ON THE EARTH
There are many options today for clean, renewable and continuous energy sources and a growing abundance in variety and methods for these technologies. Each has its own unique ability to be used in different regions and environments on the planet based on the available resources of energy and weather systems. Most of the energy systems and technologies used today in our civilization are fossil fuel and petroleum based which are finite resources and have polluting environmental impacts. Alternative energy systems and technologies (clean and non-polluting) make up less than 10% of global energy production. Although this is changing as we are making choices that consider the health of our planet and environment through innovation in alternative energy systems and technologies.
Energy System Types
In order to get a clearer perspective on the subject of the current and alternative types of energy systems and technologies available, the next section will explain the difference between “Closed” and “Open” Energy Systems as well as “Explosion” and “Implosion” Energy Technologies.
Closed Energy Systems
Closed Energy Systems: Typically use a liquid, solid or gas form of energy that is combustible and can be burned as a fuel. The combustion process is used to create kinetic energy to move a mechanical motor that generates electricity. Closed Energy Systems usually use an energy source that can be owned or viewed as proprietary property. Closed Energy Systems typically use combustion or explosion based technologies.
Energy Sources: Liquid Petroleum Fuels (Crude Oil, Diesel, Gasoline, Bunker, Kerosene), Liquid Biofuels (Ethanol), Solid Materials (Coal, Wood, Uranium, Mixed Trash), Gas Fuels (Hydrogen, Methane, Propane, Natural Gas)
Open Energy Systems
Open Energy Systems: Typically use energy that is free flowing and not locked into a certain state or unit of form such as solar, wind, wave, tidal and universal or cosmic energy. The movement of this kinetic energy is harnessed to move a mechanical motor to generate electricity. This movement of energy can also be harnessed in other unique ways. Open Energy Systems sources of energy are usually not proprietary or owned forms of energy or materials, hence the term “free energy”. Open Energy Systems typically use implosion or concentrating technologies.
Energy Sources: Solar, Wind, Wave, Tidal, Universal Energies
Explosion Energy Technologies
Explosion Energy Technologies: Typically generate heat, noisier, expanding energy that breaks apart energy by force. Supports decay, composting, burning, dissipating or destroying materials. These technologies have been the foundation for what our human civilization has used to create with and evolve to this point. Although we are at the cusp of learning new ways to work with energy and technologies.
Implosion Energy Technologies
Implosion Energy Technologies: Concentrate energy, quieter and produce cooling and support an increase in order or lower entropy. Inward spiraling motion of energy works with nature in a creative and constructive manner. These technologies are just starting to be discovered by humans though nature uses it in tornados and in wind and water movement. Viktor Shauberger pioneered work in this field of technology.
Alternative energy systems is an overview of ideas and possibilities for energy sources, systems and how we use them on our planet. There are four main sections on this page to give a clear view of of possible alternative energy systems for our use that benefit us, support our needs and are in harmony with the planet’s natural processes, the environment and life forms.
CLEAN CONTINUOUS ENERGY SYSTEMS
There are many options today for clean renewable (continuous) energy sources and a growing abundance in variety and methods for these technologies. Each has its own unique ability to be used in different regions and environments on the planet. The energy source for solar, wind, wave and tidal is the sun’s radiation. The density of this energy is increased by what we call weather and the inertia of energy through change and movement. For example; wave energy is a much denser form of energy (higher concentration of energy) than solar energy. Geo-thermal energy is created from the heat and pressure in the core of the Earth from the decay processes of elements. These are all clean continuous energy sources based on the planet’s natural processes. They are continuous and not limited in overall amount as fossil fuel energy sources. They are considered clean because they do not offset the balance of our environment and atmosphere as fossil fuels do, which are naturally deep in the planet, not above its surface.
Solar energy is generated by our sun’s radiation and allows for photo-voltaic technologies to transfer this energy into electric energy for our needs and use. This process requires fairly clear skies for the sun to shine its energy for maximum use and is available most of the year in most regions where people live on the planet. Solar energy is the least concentrated form of renewable energy at about 0.2 to 0.3 kilowatts per square meter. Solar panels are well known and highly produced today, typically made from silicon-dioxide or quartz sheets and have become very cost efficient with average of $2.50 to $3.50 per watt. Though you need a fair amount of surface space to set them up for individual, home or small application use and quite a lot of land space to set them up for large business, community and regional production use. There are a variety of new methods and technologies for even more effective use for solar energy and photo-voltaic systems.
SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Pavagada Solar Park
This massive 13,000 acre, 2,000 MW solar park run by the Karnataka Government in Southern India will soon be the world’s largest solar farm.
Kurnool Ultra Solar Park
The Kurnool Solar Park in Southern India spreads out over almost 6,000 acres using over 4 million solar panels with a capacity of 1,000 megawatts..
Solar Hydrogen Paint
Paint uniquely designed to work both as a photo voltaic method for energy and able to extract water vapor transforming it into hydrogen energy.
Solar Roof Tiles
New solar panel form and function with improved aesthetics for application of a photo voltaic system for the roof of any building or structure.
Solar Panel Windows
Another innovative design for photo voltaic systems allowing for more functional ability to produce energy in building design for structures.
Solar Thermal Panels
This new technology uses a wider spectrum of light and an advanced shape design to convert the light and heat from the sun into electricity.
Wind energy is seemingly infinitely available on Earth though it has its ebb and flow with being available all the time or in vast amounts for steady power generation from it. The energy of wind is generated initially from our sun’s radiation on the planet and through changing dynamics of heat and air pressure, a more concentrated form of energy called wind is created. Wind energy is more concentrated than solar energy as a square meter of surface area of a wind turbine propeller absorbs about 2 to 3 kilowatts of energy. Wind energy offers availability to anyone for a small setup for a home to incredibly huge 50+ MW generation turbines that support regional energy needs. The cost per watt is cheaper than Nuclear Energy and close in comparability to oil and gas currently. There are major advances in turbine designs and environmental smart sensor systems that are changing the cost and productivity of wind energy to be more evenly efficient with other advancing clean energy technologies. On-shore and off-shore wind farm systems offer a great expanse of opportunity for the dynamic use of wind energy technology across the planet.
WIND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
On-Shore Wind Turbines
Wind energy systems on land are less expensive than off-shore, easier maintenance and provide easy scaling capabilities for large wind farms.
Alta Wind Energy Center
The Alta Wind Energy Center of Southern California is currently the largest wind farm on the planet at 1,500 megawatts with plans to double the capacity.
Hydro-electric energy is sourced from river, stream, lake, reservoir and ocean water moving through turbines which turn and create electricity. The most common designs for hydro-electric systems are dams, pumped storage, rivers and ocean tide plants. Hydro-electric energy is commonly produced at low cost with high value. Power plant designs can range from the capacity of a stream all the way to a 22 gigawatt dam. Hydro-electric energy produces no carbon emissions or toxic pollution. Though it does affect water, soil and life forms in nearby local ecosystems, up and downstream. There are a few countries that produce most of there power from hydro-electricity. There are many new progressive technologies of different scale that make hydro-electric energy a valuable asset for very clean energy production world-wide.
HYDRO-ELECTRIC ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Three Gorges Dam
The Three Gorges Dam is the largest power plant world-wide. Located on the Yangtze River in China, it boasts a 22,500 megawatt capacity.
Micro Hydro-Electric Plants
Micro hydro-electric plants are typically under 10 megawatts, decentralized, cheaper and can be used in small lakes, rivers and streams.
Pumped Storage Hydro-Electricity
During grid peak load times, water is released from the dam producing energy. During off-peak load the water is pumped back up to the reservoir for storage.
Smart Hydro-Kinetic Technology
These unique hydro-electric devices which generate 5+ kilowatts, are small, low cost, environmentally safer and easily scale-able.
Wave energy is created from wind blowing across expanses of the ocean surface. The main types of wave energy devices are point absorber buoy, surface attenuator, wave surge converter, water column, over-topping and submerged. Most of the surface of the planet is ocean water which creates the possibility of sourcing a lot of clean energy without carbon emissions. The square meter of the energy of a wave is 20 to 30 kilowatts which is highly concentrated in energy, many times more potent then wind and solar. Wave energy technologies are typically very safe for marine life. Wave Energy technologies are still in early development though there are a lot of promising new technologies that can be used in a variety of ways. Wave energy production is comparable in cost to wind and solar energy..
WAVE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Carnegie CETO 6 Device
The CETO 6 is an anchored buoy with a 1.5 MW capacity that is modular, scale-able and can be part of a pumped water desalination system.
Wave Dragon Technology
The Wave Dragon is an over-topping type modular and scale-able wave energy device that floats on the ocean surface with capacity of 4+ MW each.
Wello Oy Penguin Device
The Penguin converts wave energy into gyration which is then amplified by the asymmetrical shape of the vessel providing 6 megawatts capacity.
Eco Wave Power Floaters
These small point absorber style floater devices have a 12 kilowatt capacity each and are perfect for scaling based modular wave energy projects.
Tidal energy is created from gravity, the pull of the sun and moon on the planet causing water movement or underwater currents throughout the ocean to the edges creating the rise and fall of the tides. Electricity producing under water turbines harness the tidal created currents. Other technologies utilize the rise and fall of the ocean tides along the coast to generate electricity. The main types of tidal energy technologies are stream generator, barrage, dynamic and tidal lagoon. Tidal energy is carbon free, safe, plentiful and fairly cost effective. Tidal power has been used in large scale plants since 1960, the Rance tidal plant in France has a 240 megawatt capacity today.
TIDAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Atlantis Tidal Turbines
These large ocean bed turbines generate a 1.5 MW capacity and are easily scale-able for tidal farms. They are used in many countries world-wide.
Tidal Lagoon Power Plant
Tidal Lagoons offer a blue-print for scale-able designs in different locations along the coast. The Swan Sea Bay project has a 320 MW capacity.
Geo-thermal energy is created from the thermal energy of matter deep in the Earth. If the conductivity of heat through certain types of combinations of decaying matter is possible then a connection of energy from the core is created to the surface where Geo-thermal technologies can be used to generate electricity. The main types of Geo-thermal technology designs are dry steam, flash steam and binary cycle power stations. Geo-thermal power stations are usually large centralized steam plants connected to a field of wells. Geo-thermal energy is utilized widely across the planet safely, cheaply and free of carbon emissions. Some of the largest Geo-thermal fields produce over 1,500 megawatts capacity. This clean, continuous energy source is plentiful, potent, reliable and cost efficient and even powers more than 3,000 megawatts of energy in the US alone.
GEO-THERMAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Calpine Geysers Plant
This Geo-thermal field north of San Francisco is 30,000 acres and generates a 650 megawatt capacity for clean reliable continuous energy.
Cerro Prieto Power Station
One of the largest Geo-thermal power stations is Cerro Prieto located in the Baja California area. I generates a huge 850 megawatt capacity.
Makban Geothermal Power Station
This large Geo-thermal complex in the Philippines currently generates a 450+ megawatt capacity with plans to increase energy output.
Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant
Located in Southwest Iceland, this unique Geo-thermal plant features a 300+ megawatt capacity of electricity and 130+ megawatts of hot water .
Hydrogen energy is a clean, potent bio-fuel that is carbon emission free when burned as a fuel or stored in a fuel cell similar to a battery. The Hydrogen atom is considered the most abundant atom in the universe and is most easily sourced through water. With so much water on the planet hydrogen is a widely abundant energy source. The molecule of water can be separated into hydrogen and oxygen atoms using an electrical current. Hydrogen gas can then be used as a gas bio-fuel to power combustion engines, generators and industrial equipment or the hydrogen and oxygen atoms can be combined again in a hydrogen fuel cell creating usable electricity. Hydrogen energy is very powerful as a gas bio-fuel and the only emissions are water vapor. Hydrogen fuel cells allow for new clean energy storage possibilities, long lasting batteries which can store energy harnessed from other types of clean renewable energies like wind, solar, wave, etc.
HYDROGEN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Refhyne Hydrogen Energy Plant
This electrolysis based hydrogen energy plant will be the world’s largest at 10 MW and allows for the conversion to clean energy for industrial plants.
HyTech Hydrogen Technologies
HyTech is developing hydrogen energy technologies to improve or convert existing vehicle engines as well as energy storage systems.
Energy storage systems provide a means to store energy in a variety of ways for our needs at different times of day and times of year. Multiple clean renewable energy sources can be stored and distributed in a diversity of ways. When using most clean energy technologies, the energy is intermittent due to weather and if using solar, there are needs for energy at night time. Energy storage systems provide a way to have readily available stored energy provide stability to energy grid systems and individual homeowners. The capacity of energy storage systems range in size for use, from 1 house to an entire city and region. The main types of energy storage systems are battery (lithium-ion) or bio-fuel (hydrogen) based. There are many varieties of technologies for each. Batteries store and release energy quickly and efficiently and fuel cells can store energy in large quantities and for long periods of time. Energy distribution systems are what move energy from point to point, from source to production sites to plants and generators typically through wire transmission lines to industry, commercial and residential areas. Smart grid energy systems can allow for many different sources of clean energy to be integrated into the energy grid and used efficiently.
ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES
Tesla Powerpack Project
Tesla’s energy storage facility in South Australia houses lithium-ion battery Powerpacks with a 100 megawatt capacity all powered by wind energy.
Mitsubishi Battery Storage Plant
Mitsubishi has created a battery storage facility in Japan that holds 300 MW/Hr. capacity that helps maintain the flow and stability of the local grid.
HPS Picea Storage System
The Picea is a home battery storage system with a 20 KW output that combines batteries and hydrogen fuel cells to store energy seasonally.
Panasonic Hydrogen Storage
Panasonic is developing fuel cell for home battery storage with sunlight and electrolysis to generate hydrogen energy from water.
Tesla Powerwall Technology
The Tesla Powerwall is a small, easily scale-able lithium-ion battery storage unit for residential homes with a 13.5 KW/Hr. usable capacity.
Manganese Hydrogen Batteries
Stanford scientists have created a new special salt water battery that produces hydrogen gas that can be stored and reused per duty cycle.
ENERGY DISTRIBUTION TECHNOLOGIES
Australian Virtual Power Plant
Telsa has created a virtual power plant with their Powerwall systems installed on 50K homes reducing energy needs of the grid by 30%.
State Grid Transmission Lines
State Grid develops super high voltage capacity transmission lines for energy grids for distribution of renewable energy over long distances.
Community Shared Solar is an electric energy power system that provides solar or photo-voltaic energy through a communal effort. This shared system can provide power and financial benefits to the community involved. This system can be applied in many different ways. Typically it is localized between neighborhoods, communities, cities or towns even up to a statewide scale. Investments by participants (home residents, businesses, land owners and financial investors) can be applied towards creating the shared electric power generating system. Individual small solar panel setups can be applied on each home or business to larger scale solar panel setups in large spaces such as “solar farms”. These Community Shared Solar Systems give options to ways clean energy can be applied and utilized at different scales and between localized groups of participants.
COMMUNITY SHARED ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Minnesota Community Shared Solar
Minnesota has a progressive community shared solar energy project that currently generates 460 MW with over 800 MW in development.
US Community Shared Solar Projects
There are United States based community shared solar projects in 42 states with a combined total 1,200 MW of electricity currently being generated.
Free Energy Technologies comprise a field of energy conversion methods and technology devices that perform 100% or greater efficiency. This means an energy coefficient (CoP) of performance greater than “1” which is considered over-unity or free energy because it outputs more energy than the input energy. The source of the energy input and the method for conversion can be previously unrecognized in mainstream physics and technology. Universal energy is a term to describe the energy used in “free energy” devices. Universal energy is an inexhaustible energy that pervades the universe and supports all energy. There are other common terms that are used to describe this energy such as; ether, cosmic energy, torsion fields, orgone, zero point energy, radiant energy, life force, the field, dirac sea, and quantum energy.
” Electric power is everywhere in unlimited quantities and can power the world’s machinery without the need for coal, oil or gas. “
Free Energy Technology Device Methods
These are some of the unique design approaches and methods being utilized in “Free Energy” technology devices.
- Energy conversion using vortex or tornado effect.
- Advanced knowing of electrostatic, magneto-electric and other effects.
- Capturing and reusing spikes of electricity for a power gain.
- Timing pulsed electricity for big output from tiny input.
- Recycling the electricity or heat within a motor or generator.
- Separating functions of motor/generators to evade counter force.
- Quantum design of the device’s parts and energetic qualities in harmony.
- Quantity of electricity needed to produce strength of magnetic fields.
- Using super fast electronic switching.
- Designing with special (sacred) geometries and natural ratios.
- Drawing universal energy into a system via torroidial motion.
- Coupling non-linear devices into a series resonant circuit.
- Discharging voltage abruptly into an unsettled plasma.
- Imploding microscopic bubbles in water (cavitation).
- Making “motional-magnetic fields” self oscillate in magnets.
- Innovation in advanced alloys and nano materials
FREE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
Digital Magnetic Inducer Generator
Ambri has created large volume liquid metal batteries that are composed of three types of liquid metals that offer long cycles and a very long lifetime.
QT-Pi Energy Technology
Stanford scientists have created a new special salt water battery that produces hydrogen gas that can be stored and reused per duty cycle.
Keshe Plasma Technologies
Telsa has created a virtual power plant with their Powerwall systems installed on fifty-thousand homes reducing energy needs of the grid by thirty percent.
QEG Energy Generator
Carnegie offers a wide variety of battery storage systems designs and single storage containers with capacities up to one megawatt each.